District Profile

Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography) :

The district comes under Central Plane Zone. The zone is characterized by semi-humid as per standard climatic classification. Average rainfall ranges 780-825 mm. Maximum temperature 42OC to 43OC & minimum average temperature goes up to 6O C. The climate could be described as semi arid.

Agro-ecological situation

On the basis of soil texture, topography, fertility, irrigation facilities, etc .the district is divided into five agro-ecological situations.

Agro ecological situation Characteristics
AES-I Soil is loam. 25% cultivated area located in its agro ecological situation. All the major crops are cultivated.
AES-II Soil is sandy loam. 46% cultivated area located in this region. Major crops are Maize, potato, sunflower, wheat summer vegetable, mango, guava, jack fruits, cows, buffaloes
AES-III Soil is clay loam / silty loam. 10% area of district comprise in it. Rice, wheat, pulses, potato, forest trees, cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs
AES-IV Soil is loamy sand. 10% area in its. Major corps and enterprises are Maize, wheat, potato, sunflower, aromatic plants, cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs
AES-V Soil sandy loam/sand. 9% area falls under this regions. Major crops and enterprises are Maize, potato, Wheat summer vegetable guava, hena, buffaloes, goats

Rainfall

District receives 780-825 mm annual rainfall. Major part is falls during June to September through south western monsoon.

Rainfall Normal RF (mm) Normal Rainy Days
SW monsoon (June-sep) 705.0 45
Post monsoon (Oct-Dec) 36.6 10
Winter (Jan-March) 38.3 10
Pre monsoon (Apr-May) 15.5 2
Annual 795.4 67

Land Use Pattern

District has 209000 ha total area out of which 166000 ha is under cultivation. Soils are deep and sandy loam to silt in texture. Paddy, maize, wheat, mustard and potato are major crops of the district.

Land use pattern of the district Area in (000 ha)
Geographical area 209.0
Cultivable area 166.0
Forest area 13.5
Land under non-agricultural use 21.6
Permanent pastures 2.1
Cultivable wasteland 3.3
Land under Misc.tree crops and groves 2.0
Barren and uncultivable land 5.9
Current fallows 9.0
Other fallows 6.0

Soil Types

Soils are deep sandy loam to loam in texture. Deep loamy and silt soils are constituting major group.

Major Soils Area(000 ha) Percent of total
Deep loamy soil 91.3 55
Deep silt soils 74.7 45

Agriculture land use

Crops are cultivated on 166000 ha area in which net sown area is 145800 ha. Crops are grown more than once on 88900 ha resulted 161 per cent cropping intensity.

Agricultural Land Use Area(000 ha) Cropping Intensity (%)
Net sown area 145.8 161
Net sown area 145.8 161
Area sown more than once 88.9 161
Gross cropped area 234.7 161

Irrigated Area

Potato, maize, wheat, rice and ground nut are grown in irrigated condition. About 90 per cent area under crops is irrigated.

Irrigation Area(000 ha)
Net irrigation area 130.6
Gross irrigated area 186.0
Rain fed area 15.3

Area, production and productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (q) Productivity (q/ha)
1 Maize 49042 7719218 15.75
2 Rice 18997 457447 24.08
3 Wheat 72942 2545675 34.90
4 Potato 37620 9566013 254.28
5 Sorghum 2957 27086 9.16
6 Urdbean 2019 11932 5.91
7 Mungbean 1474 8593 5.83
8 Chickpea 1463 17541 11.99
9 Pigeonpea 2202 17285 7.85
10 Mustard 8879 109389 12.32
11 Sesamum 1415 2731 1.93
12 Groundnut 1130 8452 7.48
13 Sunflower 3361 46314 13.78
14 Onion 963
15 Vegetables 1737
16 Fodder 743

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle 125752
Crossbred 8259 6.5-7.2 liter/day
Indigenous 117493 2.5-3.5 liter/day
Buffalo 234779 4-5liter/day
Sheep 125752
Crossbred 218 N.A.
Indigenous 13497 N.A.
Goats 269687 6.5-8 kg after 6 months
Pigs 21963
Crossbred 454 80 kg after 6 months
Indigenous 21509 30-40 kg after 6 months
Poultry 81625